The dusty side of the Sword of Orion is illuminated in this striking infrared image from the European Space Agency’s Hershel Space Observatory. This immense nebula is the closest large region of star formation, situated about 1,500 light years away in the constellation of Orion. Image credit: JPL-CaltechLife exists in a myriad of wondrous forms, but if you break any organism down to its most basic parts, it’s all the same stuff: carbon atoms connected to hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and other elements. But how these fundamental substances are created in space has been a longstanding mystery.Now, astronomers better understand how molecules form that are necessary for building other chemicals essential for life. Thanks to data from the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory, scientists have found that ultraviolet light from stars plays a key role in creating these molecules, rather than “shock” events that create turbulence, as was previously thought.Scientists studied the ingredients of carbon chemistry in the Orion Nebula, the closest star-forming region to Earth that forms massive stars. They mapped the amount, temperature and motions of the carbon-hydrogen molecule (CH, or “methylidyne” to chemists), the carbon-hydrogen positive ion (CH+) and their parent: the carbon ion (C+). An ion is an atom or molecule with an imbalance of protons and electrons, resulting in a net charge.“On Earth, the sun is the driving source of almost all the life on Earth. Now, we have learned that starlight drives the formation of chemicals that are precursors to chemicals that we need to make life,” said Patrick Morris, first author of the paper and researcher at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center at Caltech in Pasadena. Community News Subscribe 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Community News More Cool Stuff Herbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty11 Signs Your Perfectionism Has Gotten Out Of ControlHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Beauty Secrets Only Indian Women KnowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyPretty Or Not: 5 Things You Didn’t Know About BeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Make a comment Top of the News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Business News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS First Heatwave Expected Next Week faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Science and Technology JPL: Building Blocks of Life’s Building Blocks Come from Starlight From JPL-Caltech Published on Wednesday, October 12, 2016 | 6:14 pm
University President Fr. John Jenkins offered information on several University initiatives including the fundraising campaign and campus construction in a speech delivered to the Notre Dame faculty Tuesday afternoon in the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center.His remarks also addressed addressed the ongoing investigations into possible honor code violations involving several football players.Photo courtesy of Barbara Johnston, University of Notre Dame Jenkins said Notre Dame’s recent fundraising campaign had received $1.1 billion in total donations and pledges and the 2013-14 fundraising year had “shattered the University’s previous annual record by nearly a quarter of a billion dollars.”“People do not give large portions of their wealth for the sake of mediocre results,” he said. “Critical for our recent success is the confidence that you, our faculty, inspire in potential benefactors. … I see the remarkable success of the early phase of the campaign as an endorsement of the quality of your work and the depth of your commitment.”In the speech, Jenkins explained the status of the University’s investigation into possible violations of the honor code involving both student athletes and students who are not varsity athletes.He said the athletic department’s compliance office became aware of “a potentially problematic situation involving a current student athlete as well as a student who served for a brief time as a paid student employee of the athletic department, although that position had no role in academic tutoring or advising of student athletes.”“I want to underscore that the current investigation has not revealed any misconduct or knowledge of impropriety by regular, full-time staff,” he said. “However, given the student’s brief status as a paid employee, there was the possibility of what the NCAA considers an ‘excess benefit’ given to the student athlete by a representative of the institution.”Jenkins said the decision to release the names of the student-athletes involved came as a result of the names leaking through social media before the University made an announcement.“In order to deter unfounded speculation about individuals not involved, we made an exception to our policy of not releasing the names of students involved in such a process and confirmed the identities of implicated students who had already been named in the public forum,” he said.Jenkins also mentioned a recent survey of faculty that indicated while Notre Dame faculty on the whole are more satisfied than faculty at a comparison group of schools, “women … are on the whole less satisfied than men, those at associate rank for an extended period are less satisfied than others and faculty in general are less satisfied with the climate for women and minorities.”“I want to thank you for your commitment to all our students, particularly those in minority groups,” Jenkins said. “We will continue to work to foster an environment of mutual respect and welcome for all.”He also detailed goals for the new Keough School of Global Affairs – the first new school at Notre Dame in nearly a century. He said history professor Scott Appleby became the dean of the new school this summer after 14 years as the John M. Regan Director of the Kroc Institute for International Peace studies. The new school will open in August 2017.“The school will offer a Master of Global Affairs degree and we will also consider creating a supplementary undergraduate major with thematic tracks in areas such as peacebuilding and development,” Jenkins said.He updated the faculty on the Campus Crossroads project and said work will begin in November on the west side of the stadium for the student services center and on the east side for the anthropology and psychology departments’ building and a digital media center. He said they hope to begin construction on the stadium’s south side in fall 2015 for a third building that will hold the music department and the sacred music program.Jenkins announced the ceremonial groundbreaking and blessing of the construction site for McCourtney Family Hall, which will contain laboratory space for science and engineering research, will occur “in a few weeks.” Construction will begin soon on Jenkins and Nanovic Halls, the previously announced interconnected facilities housing the social sciences and the new Keough School, he said.In 2016, the University will begin work on the new Walsh Architecture Hall. Two new dorms located east of Knott Hall will open in fall 2016, and construction will begin next spring. A “very significant renovation” will take place on the first and second floors of the Hesburgh Library as well, he said.“We are tremendously excited about the facilities these projects will provide … A great university is much more than bricks and mortar, of course. It is what goes on in the buildings — not the buildings themselves — that are the real marks of progress,” Jenkins said. “Nevertheless, to be able to provide you, our faculty, with facilities for your important research, scholarship and creative endeavors … are great blessings for us as we continue our work in service to the mission of Notre Dame.” Tags: academic investigation, fr. jenkins, Keough School of Global Affairs, observer staff report
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OTTAWA – Canada’s famed Snowbirds have put their airshow season on hold so that some of its pilots can get more practice.Snowbird team lead Maj. Patrick Gobeil said Tuesday that the iconic flying team’s normal training schedule had been cut short this year because of bad weather.The nine-plane team went ahead with several airshows, including a joint flyby over Parliament Hill with a French squadron earlier this month.But Gobeil said it was determined that more practice was necessary after some of the planes were seen deviating from their positions in mid-flight.“As a result, more training is required before the Snowbirds resume their 2017 schedule,” Gobeil said in a statement, adding that the team was pulling out of six airshows between now and mid-June.“The safety of our team and spectators is extremely important. We’re going to assess where we’re at and work hard to get back to the airshow circuit, so we can continue putting on safe and fantastic shows,”Two of the shows affected are in Ontario — Windsor and Fort Erie — while the other four are in the U.S.The Snowbirds, in their iconic white, red and blue Tutor jets, have been entertaining airshow visitors in Canada and across the U.S. since 1971.
North Shore Animal League America, the world’s largest no-kill animal rescue and adoption organization, held its annual Celebrity Gala on Friday, November 20th at The Pierre Hotel in New York City.Howard Stern, Amy Schumer and Beth Stern at the North Shore Animal League America 2015 GalaThe evening included a wonderful group of attendees from all sectors of New York’s animal-loving community. Comedian Lisa Lampanelli served as host for the evening, and Emmy-award winner Amy Schumer took the stage for a special performance. Singers Wilson Phillips completed the evening with a mini concert.Among the “bold face names” to stride the red carpet, Celebrity Cook, TV Host and Published Author, Rachael Ray; Raquel Castro of “Empire;” David Castro of “Shadow Hunters;” New York Yankees play-by-play TV announcer and ESPN radio host Michael Kay; Michael’s wife, broadcast journalist Jodi Applegate; Director, Producer, ABC Channel’s “All My Children” Star, Ricky Goldin; President & CEO of The Hallmark Channel, Bill Abbott; Published Author and TV Personality, Carole Radziwill; President and CEO of Forbes Family Trust, LLC, Keith Bloomfield; Professional Equestrian and philanthropist, Georgina Bloomberg; WPIX-11 weather anchor Linda Church; TV producer, entertainer and comedian, Brian Balthazar; WPIX Evening News Anchor Tamsen Fadal; and well-known actress Floriana Lima to name a few.Four compassionate students from across the country were honored with Animal League America’s Crystal Collar Award, presented by Animal League America Volunteer, Foster Parent and National Spokesperson, Beth Stern, for their outstanding work saving the lives of animals through their involvement in the Mutt-i-gree’s Movement. In one case the Ambassadors work is credited with bringing a kill shelter down to a virtually no-kill shelter. In addition all the Ambassadors are actively involved in NSAL’s mission to rescue, nurture, adopt and educate as they spread message of the importance of rescue and adoption to their peers and their communities. All of these outstanding students have been involved with the Mutt-i-gree’s Curriculum and are shining examples for the future of animal welfare. The honorees were:Ragan Fletcher of Bixby, Oklahoma Layne Meek of Ashland, Kentucky Gracie Kate Lee of Clinton, Arkansas Madalyn Pennington of Bee Branch, ArkansasAmong the other highlights of the evening was a video montage of the more than 200 kittens and cats Beth and Howard Stern have fostered over the years as well as a Reflections video focusing on some of the important work done by Animal League America over the past 12 months.The Gala supports North Shore Animal League America’s ever-expanding no-kill mission with all proceeds from the event dedicated to Bianca’s Furry Friends Feline Adoption Center. This 14,000-square-foot, state-of-the-art facility will enable Animal League America to rescue many more animals by adding a second floor to the existing shelter that will host a cage-free, natural living environment for felines. In addition, this expansion to the shelter will open up space on the first floor to increase the number of dogs we take in and enrich their lives. Overall, this project will enable them to provide the best quality of life for all the animals in their care while they await adoption into loving homes.
The 3rd annual Coach Woodson Las Vegas Invitational, the ultimate luxury weekend and kick off to NBA Summer League, hosted by Assistant Clippers Coach Michael Woodson, will take place July 8-11, 2016 in Las Vegas.On Sunday, July 10, The Woodson Gala & Red Carpet will be hosted at 1 OAK, an exclusive Las Vegas hotspot located in The Mirage Hotel and Casino, with a special performance by Grammy-winning recording artist Mya Harrison.ESPN SportsCenter Anchor, Jay Harris and Professional Golfer and Fashion Designer, Seema Sadekar, will co-host the star-studded evening that will feature celebrity announcements, signature cocktails, and surprise guests along with a performance by Mya, in support of Coach Woodson and Nations of Coaches, a non-profit organization dedicated to bringing coaches together through guidance and knowledge.“1 OAK Las Vegas is excited to host the The Woodson Gala Red Carpet & Celebrity Pairings Party. 1 OAK is a proud supporter of Coach Woodson and his charity, Nations of Coaches, we are thrilled to be a part of this special weekend,” said Matt Salazar, Marketing Director for 1 OAK.The event will welcome Actor, Anthony Anderson, 2016 NBA Championship Team Head Coach Tyronn Lue, R&B Recording Legend, Jeffrey Osbourne, father and son NBA stars former and current NBA players Gerald Henderson Sr. and Gerald Henderson Jr., Actor and Comedian, Chris Tucker, NBA Star, JR Smith, NBA Legends, Larry Johnson, John Starks, Baron Davis, Eddie Johnson, Clippers Assistant Coaches Armond Hill and Sam Cassell, MLB Star and Legend, David Justice, Former Lakers Head Coach, Byron Scott, Boxing Champion, Winky Wright, Sportscaster Mike Hill, Political Personality, Omarosa Manigault-Stallworth and music icons Tony Cornelius, Eddie Levert, Jeffrey Osborne and actors: Cedric the Entertainer, Boris Kodjoe, Alan Thicke and many more.“A well worth journey from Australia to attend Coach Woodson’s event, I’m able to showcase the Steigen brand and make new friendships. It is so great to be back and share this experience with my clients, we are a part of something very interactive for an international sports brand,” said Louis Rowan, President & CEO of Steigen Brand, The Official Sock and Hat Partner of 2016 The Woodson Invitational.Sponsors of the Woodson Gala include The Mirage, Cox Communications, 1BID1.com, MGM Resorts, Zacapa Rum, Steigen, The LA Clippers, Corona, Monster Cables, Perrier, Avion Tequila, Luc Belaire, Reflection Bay, 1 OAK, Active Dreamers and IMPACT Basketball.“The Coach Woodson Invitational is redefining how golf tournaments are played by merging golf, music, celebration, entertainment, fashion and lifestyle,” said Nisha Sadekar, Event Producer at PGD Global. “We are always trying to find creative ways to introduce people to the game of golf and all that it has to offer; and this event does that in a really fabulous way.”The four-day event will include an educational basketball youth clinic at Impact Basketball on Friday, July 8, that will host junior participants for a hands-on coaching experience from the accomplished Woodson. On Saturday, July 9, Woodson will welcome coaches from all over the nation to the Woodson Coaches Forum providing professional development and training discussions around coaching, strategy and mentorship. Sunday, July 10 will include a Gifting Suite, Practice Rounds, FENDI Fashion Experience featuring Kiwi Plum swimwear and Caviar Blu jewelry. The evening sets up for the highly anticipated and star-studded Woodson Gala, Red Carpet & Celebrity Pairings Party. On Monday, July 11 Reflection Bay Golf Club hosts The Woodson Invitational Golf Tournament, it will feature a Day Lounge presented by Corona in the Clubhouse and will host a special Women’s Experience at Lake Las Vegas, hosted by Terri Woodson, wife of Mike Woodson.Select VIP Packages are still available and can be tailored to include golf, hospitality, and invitations to the private parties and the gala at 1 OAK. For information on VIP experiences call Play Golf Designs Inc.: 310.926.4075. For more information, click here.
In the NFL, every single game is important. Each one represents more than 6 percent of a team’s season, and one win is often the difference between making the playoffs and not, between getting a bye and playing on wild-card weekend, or between playing at home and playing on the road. But even within the every-game-matters paradigm, the first weeks of the NFL season are special.For us fans, early-season games set the agenda. They reveal surprises, like the 1999 Rams, who — starting an Arena league quarterback and coming off a four-win season — won their first three games with a combined score of 100-27 (including a 35-7 romp over the Atlanta Falcons). It would be weeks before people really started taking the team seriously, but if the Rams had started 0-3, they could have been safely written off. Early-season games also reveal busts, like the 1999 Atlanta Falcons, who — coming off a 14-2 season — lost their first three games by a combined score of 76-28.In other words, these games are doubly important because they reveal both who won and who is likely to win going forward. This new information can supplement — and often supercede — a whole offseason of analysis. Yes, we have considered opinions about who’s strong and who isn’t, who did well in free agency or poorly in the draft, but outside of a small number of sure things, predicting which teams will rise or fall from year to year can be nigh impossible. Of course, we do our best.But for the moment, let’s simplify and pretend we don’t know anything except the results right in front of us. How much is a win worth?Late in the season, a win is worth close to face value. Each win is worth 0.5 wins above random expectation. For example, if your team is 7-7 going into the last two weeks, you’re expected to win 8 games. If you win in Week 15, you’ll be expected win 8.5, and if you lose, you’ll be expected to win 7.5.But in the beginning of the season, wins give you one mark in the win column, while also indicating that you’re more likely than average to win going forward. To see this, let’s start with the expected fortune of any generic team with any given record. In the chart below, match up wins and losses along the axes to find the average number of wins that teams with that record have finished with since 1995: Now, one win being the equivalent of two wins may not sound like much, but again, one win in the NFL can make a huge difference. Thus, unsurprisingly, early-season results have serious playoff implications: The first two weeks of the season alone mark the difference between having a 61 percent chance of making the playoffs (for a 2-0 squad) and a 10 percent chance (for 0-2).Indeed, early-season wins are so important that these games are nearly comparable in leverage to late-season games by playoff contenders: Since 1995, teams who win their opening game have averaged around 9.1 wins, while teams losing their opener average 6.9. So the information a win conveys makes it worth more than double its face value.If you combine how much wins and losses tell us about every team, Week 1 is the most informative of the season, followed closely by Week 2, then big dropoffs in Weeks 3 and 4. While only 16 games are played in Week 1, we get nearly 70 wins and losses worth of information out of them: (Incidentally, I keep a copy of this chart on my desk for quick reference, so every time a commentator says something like a 6-2 team is “on pace” to win 12 games, I can say, “Nuh-uh, they’re on pace to win 10.8.”)Using the above chart, we can easily compare wins and losses for a given record and see which games convey the most about a team’s eventual win tally. You’ll never guess: And when you consider that every team in the league starts and 0-0 before Week 1 and enters Week 2 at 1-0 or 0-1, but only a few teams will be sitting at 9-6 in Week 17, the changes to teams’ playoff fates that take place in these first few weeks really start adding up.For example, teams that win their opening game have made the playoffs 51 percent of the time, while teams who lose their first game have made it only 25 percent of the time. That 26 percent difference isn’t quite as high as the difference for a team that’s 7-6 (for whom each game carries a 29 percent difference), but on the other hand, every single team goes through that 25 percent difference-maker in Week 1, while relatively few will see that 29 percent game in Week 16.If you combine how much we learn about playoff chances from week to week (as we did above for wins), you find that the first two weeks are by far the most significant of the regular season: Each of the first two weeks tells us roughly as much about who will or won’t make the playoffs as four win-or-go-home games, which would decide eight teams’ fates. So it’s almost as if the season starts off with two rounds of playoffs — except that all the excitement is spread thin across the entire league.Now, I know you’re a smart readership, so you’re probably thinking this is all just a bit too clever, because we have reams of knowledge about these teams already, so to some extent this “information” value is going to reflect stuff that we already know.So give yourself a pat on the back, you’re right. But you’re also pretty much wrong. Much of what you think you know, you don’t know. And much of what you know is just a different baseline. Even for very strong and very weak teams (such as those with 12+ wins or losses the year before), the outsized leverage of first weeks of the season has been borne out.When it comes to the NFL, there isn’t much signal and there’s a ton of noise (hi, boss!). But while individual wins and losses in September may not seem like the clearest signals you’ll ever hear, they’re deceptively strong, and they’re coming at you from 32 directions. So listen carefully.